Reports that the White House may be looking to clamp down on portfolio capital flows into China roiled Wall Street on Friday, as investors with exposure to Chinese firms struggled to make sense of what such moves would entail.
The White House was in preliminary discussions on ways to limit Chinese companies from trading on U.S. exchanges and restrict portfolio inflows into China, according to Bloomberg News, citing people familiar with the matter.
This comes at a sensitive time for U.S.-China relations, with governments of both countries seeking a resolution to their longstanding trade dispute. CNBC reported that a Chinese delegation, helmed by Vice Premier Liu He, would arrive in the U.S. capital in Oct. 10-11 for higher-level talks.
U.S. equity markets swung lower after the reports, with the S&P 500 SPX, -0.79% and the Dow DJIA, -0.44% on course for losses, FactSet data show.
Here’s a few things investors should keep in mind if a broader crackdown on U.S. capital flows into China makes further headway:
U.S.-listed Chinese companies have already been under pressure over complaints that the rigor of financial statements from Chinese companies were not at the same standard of U.S. firms, exposing American investors to potential corporate governance problems and outright fraud.
Two bipartisan bills have been introduced in Congress aimed at pushing U.S.-listed Chinese firms to comply with auditing rules in the U.S. and if those companies failed to submit to regulatory oversight, they would face delisting.
Beijing has long pushed back on moves to allow overseas regulators to examine the audit work of domestic accounting firms.
Chinese companies have a large presence in U.S. capital markets. A total of 156 Chinese companies were listed in the U.S., commanding a market capitalization of around $1.2 trillion, as of February 2019.
The breakout of trade tensions between U.S. and China about two years ago has led some in Washington to push for a broader de-coupling of financial ties between the two countries, drawing Chinese stocks listed in the U.S. into the cross-sights of more hawkish members of Congress.
Analysts say this pressure may have led some Chinese companies to look for other listing venues. Alibaba announced it would hold its second listing in Hong Kong. Those plans, however, were postponed after the Asian financial center was rocked by protests in the past few months.
Sen. Marco Rubio has been particularly vocal on the need to monitor connections between Wall Street and China.
In a June letter, Rubio asked MSCI, the global securities index provider, what they were doing to ensure that U.S. investors were not funneling money into Chinese state organs, or businesses linked to Beijing.
“We can no longer allow China’s authoritarian government to reap the rewards of American and international capital markets while Chinese companies avoid financial disclosure and basic transparency, and place US investors and pensioners at risk,” Rubio told MSCI’s chairman and chief executive Henry Fernandez in a letter dated June 12.
Later in August, he called for the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board, a pension fund for federal government employees, to avoid benchmarking its funds to the MSCI All Country World ex-U.S. Investable Market Index.
Rubio said the index contained companies partly owned by Beijing like Hikvision 002415, -0.03%, which have been accused of being complicit in human rights abuses in Xinjiang.
Rubio has let the White House know what he is doing with regard to his efforts on China and U.S. capital markets, a spokesman for the senator told MarketWatch. But the senator did not coordinate on the actions reported by Bloomberg, the spokesman said.
It’s not clear, however, if the U.S. government can pressure global index providers not to include shares from Chinese firms.
Patrick Chovanec of Silvercrest Asset Management worried that if U.S. investors couldn’t include Chinese stocks and bonds into their portfolios, they could risk underperforming their benchmarked indexes. That’s become a pertinent issue as assets linked to Chinese companies now occupy a bigger weighting in global indices, in line with China’s growing economic and financial heft.
In May, MSCI quadrupled the weight of Chinese stocks listed in domestic bourses in the MSCI Emerging Markets EEM, -1.42% to 3.3%.
Bloomberg Barclays and JP Morgan have both recently added Chinese government bonds and debt issued by the country’s policy banks to their indexes, even as the FTSE Russell declined to do so on Thursday.
Robert Schroeder contributed to this article