The acquisition is the second biggest announced globally so far this year, trailing only Microsoft Corp (NASDAQ:MSFT)’s $68.7 billion deal to buy video game maker Activision Blizzard Inc (NASDAQ:ATVI).
Broadcom (NASDAQ:AVGO)’s offer price of $142.50 per VMware share represents a premium of nearly 49% to the stock’s last close, when talks of the deal were first reported on May 22. Broadcom will also assume $8 billion of VMware’s net debt.
The chipmaker’s shares were down nearly 1% in premarket trading on Thursday, while VMware rose 1.3%.
Broadcom Chief Executive Hock Tan, who built his company into one of the world’s biggest chipmakers through acquisitions, is bringing his dealmaking playbook to the software sector.
In one fell swoop, the deal will almost triple Broadcom’s software-related revenue to about 45% of its total sales.
Broadcom will instantly be validated as a major software player with the acquisition of VMware, Futurum Research analyst Daniel Newman said.
“Having something like VMware … will have a significant number of doors open that their current portfolio probably doesn’t open for them,” Newman added.
The agreement is also a coup for Dell Technologies (NYSE:DELL) Inc Chief Executive Michael Dell, who spun VMware out of the computer maker last year.
Michael Dell owns a 40% stake in VMware, while his financial backer Silver Lake, a private equity firm, owns 10%.
VMware will be allowed to solicit offers from rival bidders for 40 days as part of the agreement.
Broadcom’s pivot into software started after its attempt to acquire mobile chip giant Qualcomm (NASDAQ:QCOM) Inc was blocked by former U.S. President Donald Trump in 2018 on national security grounds.
Since then Broadcom took over business software firm CA Technologies Inc for $18.9 billion and acquired Symantec Corp (NASDAQ:NLOK)’s security division for $10.7 billion. It also explored acquiring analytical software company SAS Institute Inc, but did not proceed with a bid.
Broadcom went on to slash costs at the acquired businesses. It cut the sales and marketing budgets of the CA and Symantec businesses from about 29% of their revenue to 7%.
VMware is dominant in the so-called virtualization software market, allowing corporate customers to run multiple applications on their servers.
This business has started to slow down as companies have found new tools to operate through cloud computing, pushing VMware to seek new offerings, including through a partnership with Amazon.com Inc (NASDAQ:AMZN).
Broadcom doesn’t have a track record of spending big on research and development, Keith Townsend, analyst at advisory firm CTO Advisor, said.
This could bode poorly for the launch of new products at VMware, Townsend, who also had a brief stint with VMware as an enterprise data center architect, added.
“As I talk to customers, they’re in desperate need for innovation from companies like VMware.”